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1. Centre for Economic Studies & Planning

(a) M.Phil. / Ph.D.

The applicants for the M.Phil. / Ph.D. programme will be examined in the topics covered by a standard M.A. Economics programme. These would broadly include Micro-economics; Macro-economics; Economic Development; Indian Economy and Statistical and Mathematical Methods in Economics.

(b) M.A. in Economics

Applicants will be tested for their analytical abilities and awareness of national and international economic issues of importance at present and in the recent past. Candidates are expected to be familiar with the content of a standard Economics course taught at the B.A. level. Especially for the benefit of applicants without an undergraduate degree in Economics, an enumeration of the areas to be covered is given below:

(a) (i) Micro-economics (Demand Curves, Price and Income Elasticity of Demand, Cost Curves, Equilibrium of             Firm under Perfect Competition and Monopoly)
      (ii) Macro-economics (National Income Theory of Income Determination, Monetary Policy, Trade and Balance of             Payments)

(b) Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median and Mode, Standard Deviation, Correlation Coefficient), Elementary        Probability Theory, Mathematics for Economists (Elementary Algebra,Coordinate Geometry and Elementary        Calculus)

(c) Problems of Economic History, Underdevelopment and Growth:

(i) India's Economic Development prior to Independence: India's Planning and Development experience since       Independence; Basic indicators of Development.
(ii) International Economics Issues of Contemporary Relevance.

2. Centre for Historical Studies

(a) M.Phil. / Ph.D.

Detailed knowledge of Indian History adequate for pursuing research.

(b) M.A. in History

Candidates applying for M.A. (History) programme are allowed to exercise only one option i.e., Ancient; or Medieval; or Modern Indian History, and the option so exercised must be clearly mentioned at the appropriate column in the Application Form as well as on the top of the Answerbook supplied to the candidates in the Examination Hall. Candidates may please note that the answer-books carrying more than one option will be considered invalid.

Candidates seeking admission to the M.A. programme in the Centre for Historical Studies will be required to have a broad knowledge of history either directly on the basis of courses taken at undergraduate level in History or indirectly through the historical understanding of discipline in the Social Sciences or Humanities. Questions set for the Entrance Examination will relate to the above and candidates will have choice of discipline and chronology.

The pattern of questions for the M.A. entrance examination in History has been changed from the examination of 2003. The question paper will have two sections. Section I, worth 40 marks, will have two comprehension passages, and candidates will be required to answer 8 questions based on these passages. A strict limit of 100 words per answer will apply and candidates will be required to answer the questions in their own words. Section II, worth 60 marks, will contain 15 questions from which candidates will be required to answer any three.

3. Centre for Political Studies

(a) M.Phil. / Ph.D.

(a) Methods and Techniques of Modern Political Analysis.
(b) Socialism; Theory and Practice.
(c) Indian Political System; Social and Political Processes, Structures and Institutions.
(d) Political and Social Change in Third World and Foreign Policy Analysis.
(e) Political Sociology.

(b) M.A. in Political Science

Examination will be of B.A. Honours standard in the following:

(a) Political Thought & Theory (Comparative Modern Political Theory, Socialism, Modern Indian Political Thought.)

(b) Comparative Government & Politics (esp. UK, USA, USSR, France and Theories of Comparative Politics).

(c) Indian Government & Politics (esp. National Movement, Parties and Processes, Federalism, Institutional        Framework.)

(d) Public Administration (esp. Theories, Development Administration, Indian Administration).

(e) International Relations since 1945 (esp. Colonialism, Imperialism, Non- Alignment).

4. Centre for the Study of Regional Development

(a) M.Phil. / Ph.D.

The question paper of the Centre for the Study of Regional Development shall be in three parts. One part shall consist of questions pertaining to Population Studies, the second pertaining to Geography and third pertaining to Economics. The candidates will be required to attempt questions only from one of these three parts according to their choice as indicated in the application form at the appropriate space provided for the purpose.

(i) Population Studies (Code : POP)

Nature and scope of population studies; sources of demographic data; population growth distribution, and density; population composition; components of population dynamics namely fertility, mortality and migration; Population growth in relation to economic and social development. India’s population policy and family planning programme, population theories.

(ii) Geography (Code : GEO)

This part of question paper will consist of two units:

Unit I

Short objective questions on general principles of physical and human geography and the concept of regional development.

Unit II

Long questions concerning the following sub-fields in Geography :

1. Physical Geography : Geomorphology, Climatology, Hydrology, Biogeography, Ecosystems (special reference      to India)

2. Human Geography : Population distribution and growth: human settlements, urbanization trends, natural      resources and spatial structure and temporal trends of economic activity social formation and spatial      organisation of social groups and communities (with special reference to India)

3. Recent trends in geographical thoughts.

4. Regional Development : Concepts, strategies of regional development, regional imbalances and levels of      regional development in India.

5. Methods : General knowledge of cartographic methods; measures of central tendency and dispersion;      sampling techniques; correlation and regression analysis, geographical information system.

(iii) Economics (Code : ECN)

Consumer behaviour, ordinal/cardinal approach, revealed preference, demand elasticity, laws of returns; pricing under different market structures; economic and diseconomies of scale; commodity trade off; pareto optimality; production function analysis; factor pricing; alternative theories of distribution; national income accounting; Keynesian system of income determination consumption function; post keynesian extension and growth theories; multiplier accelerator interaction, determinants of the aggregative price level.

Attributes and causes of under-development; objective and techniques of development planning, Five Year Plans of India; public sector in India; employment aspects of planning; resource mobilization for Five Year Plans; terms of trade between agriculture and industry; new technology in agriculture; agricultural pricing; agrarian structure and institutions; agricultural/industrial infrastructure, current economic situation, budgetary and trade policies in India, new economic policy.

Basic statistics; measures of central tendency and dispersion, sampling, correlation and regression analysis. Simple linear econometric models and the problems of estimation.

(b) M.A. in Geography

Unit I:

Short objective type questions on general principles of physical, human and regional geography.

Unit II.

Brief question on:

1. Principles of geomorphology, climatology, oceanography and biogeography.
2. Principles of human geography, economic geography; population geography and human settlements.
3. Regional geography of India-physiographic divisions, patterns and levels of development of agriculture and industries, growth of population and urbanization.

Unit III

Principles of Cartography-Scales and map projections: Topographical maps of India

Unit IV

Statistical Methods-frequency distribution, graphical representations; measures of central tendencies; dispersion.

5. Centre of Social Medicine & Community Health

The question paper for Centre shall be in two parts. Part I shall be for those opting for M.Phil. / Ph.D. programme in Social Sciences in Health and Part II for those opting for MCH/Ph.D. programme in Community Health. The candidates will be required to attempt questions of only one part of their choice. The choice should be indicated in the application form at the appropriate space provided for the purpose.


M.Phil. / Ph.D. programme in Social Science in Health: (Code : CSM)

The questions will be on the following areas:
i) Social Science disciplines as covered by the Master’s programme.
ii) Social problems and relevance of Social Science to those problems.
iii) Health and Population Problems and related Programmes in India.


MCH / Ph.D. Programme in Community Health (Code : MCH)

The questions will be on the following areas:
i) Preventive and Social Medicine as taught in MBBS and M.Sc Nursing.
ii) Community health problems and programmes in India.
iii) Community health nursing.
iv) Social dimensions of community health.

6. Centre for the Study of Social Systems

(a) M.Phil. / Ph.D.

1. Major Theoretical Orientations in Sociology such as Structural Functionalism. Structuralism, Symbolic       Interactionism, Phenomenology, Marxism, Post - modernism.
2. Methods in social sciences and social research techniques
3. Processes of social change and development in a comparative and cross cultural perspective

(b) M.A. in Sociology

1. The Classical Heritage : Weber, Marx, Durkheim, Pareto
2. Concepts and theories in Sociology
3. Methods of Sociological enquiry
4. Processes of social change and development with special reference to India.

7. Zakir Husain Centre for Educational Studies

M.Phil / Ph.D.

The written test is intended to evaluate the understanding of basic concepts and theories in the fields of Sociology / Economics / History / Psychology. The aptitude for research in education and the capacity for analysis will also be tested.

The question paper is divided into two parts. The first part is meant for all candidates. The second part has five sections : four sections corresponding to questions relating to the four fields of study mentioned above and the fifth section comprising questions of general interest. A candidate is expected to answer questions from only one of these five sections.

8. Centre for Studies in Science Policy

M.Phil/Ph. D.

The written test is intended to evaluate the candidate’s general awareness in the following areas:

  i) Some basic concepts and perspectives in sociology, economics, history and development studies;

 ii) Impact of science and technology on Indian society and emerging problems such as Intellectual Property       Rights; Biodiversity; Environment Regulation and Ethics etc;

iii) Development of science and technology in India in a comparative perspective with other countries such as       USA, South Korea, Japan and W.Europe;

iv) Social relevance of science and technology in India (poverty alleviation, industrialization, employment, human       resource development, empowerment through science and technology processes and mechanisms);

 v) Understanding of science and society issues in the contemporary period involving issues such as ICT and       biotechnology revolutions, environment and society, new technologies and questions of ethics and equity etc.

9. Centre for Philosophy


The applicants for the M.Phil./Ph.D. programme will be examined in the themes and issues covered in a standard M.A. Philosophy Course. The questions will be designed to test the student's philosophical aptitude and skills in analytical reasoning. The candidates are expected to be familiar with the basic problems of Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Social and Political Philosophy.

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